Now for a downside of being tall: It’s associated with an increased risk in almost every type of cancer—and for both genders. For every four-inch increase in height, women are 13 percent more likely to develop some 19 types of cancer, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, & Prevention. Specifically, leggy ladies were up to 17 percent more likely to develop melanoma and cancers of the breast, ovary, endometrium, and colon, and up to 29 percent more likely to develop cancers of the kidney, rectum, thyroid, and blood. Tall men are more likely to develop aggressive prostate cancer, according to a study published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. Tall people have more cells in their body, so there’s a higher likelihood that any one of them will become cancerous. But a recent study from the Netherlands found that while tall people are in utero, their insulin-like growth factor systems are activated earlier than in short folks, which may in turn permanently activate cell growth, leading to increased risk of certain cancers.